Beauty essentials and tips on facial therapy
Know Your Skin Type
First thing you need to know is your skin type; so you will be able to select the right skin care products for your skin. Do you have normal skin, dry skin, dehydrated skin, oily skin, mature skin, or sensitive skin?
Dry or Very Dry Skin
Products with a high cream and oil content are very important for your skin type. Avoid purchasing soap and detergent based products for the face and neck areas, because these products will cause dryness to your skin. Face masks that are oil-based are soothing and hydrating for your dry skin.
To keep your skin hydrated, drink plenty of water, aim for 2 liters per day.
Cleansing and moisturizing milks or lotions have higher water content and a lighter consistency and are less likely to cause a build of oils in your skin. Make sure to not over exfoliate your skin because this can stimulate increased production of oil.
Treat the different areas of your face with products that are made specific to their needs. For example use a light formulation in the oilier T Zone area and richer creamier products in the dry areas. The skin will benefit from a hydrating mask on the cheeks and a deep cleansing mask on the forehead, nose and chin.
Mature Skin Care
As with dry skin choose richer creamier oil based products. Skin may be thin or have broken capillaries so it should always be treated with great care and very little pressure. Firming and anti-aging products are highly beneficial, as well as specific neck and eye care products.
Sensitive Skin Tips
Sensitive skin is more likely to have an adverse reaction to chemicals in products ingredients, but also the damaging effects of the sun can be felt more easily. It is recommended to use an SPF of 50. A gentle peeling product that doesn’t contain granules is gentler on the skin than an exfoliating scrub.
These remove make up and leaves your skin feeling clean and free from impurities. Some cleansers are gentle enough to be used on the eye area but if you wear waterproof mascara you need to use a specific eye makeup remover.
These are used to remove traces of cleanser, refresh the skin and have a temporary tightening effect upon the pores. Also toners help our skin to restore its PH balance.
Mostly described as day creams or hydrating lotions, they are used to nourish the skin to leave it soft and smooth. Oil and water emulsions draw water to the skin and prevent moisture loss by evaporation. Moisturizers should be applied to the skin after cleansing and toning. Some moisturizing creams and lotions contain SPF and help protect the skin against environmental damages. Not only do moisturizers hydrate and condition the skin, they provide an excellent base to apply your makeup.
Eye Creams are specially designed to moisturize and protect the delicate skin around the eye area. They usually contain collagen, oils and vitamins and some contain light diffusing particles to help draw attention away from dark circles beneath the eyes.
Neck moisturizing and firming creams are more hydrating than ordinary moisturizers. In our 20s and 30s our usual moisturizer is usually sufficient to nourish the neck and neckline, but by our 40s and beyond the neck might need more intense hydration. The added benefits of collagen and elastin are believed to help prevent sagging and ageing thus maintaining a youthful appearance.
Exfoliating products are creams or gels that contain small particles which gently scrub the skin to remove dead skin from the surface revealing fresh, new skin beneath. By loosening surface blockages they help improve and prevent breakouts and give a healthy glow to previously tired looking complexions. Exfoliators are a great way to even out a fading tan.
There are a variety of different formulations of face mask available that perform different actions. Facial masks are a relaxing and therapeutic part of a healthy skin care routine. They increase circulation and improve the overall complexion of the skin.
A good deep cleansing mask removes traces of trapped dirt, debris and oil. They’re mildly exfoliating. Dry flaky areas of skin are replaced with soft, smooth skin. Toning and refining masks soothe tired skin. Skin is freshened and rejuvenated and pores appear smaller leaving a more refined complexion. Nourishing and hydrating masks contain soothing moisturizing ingredients which hydrate the skin leaving it soft and smooth. They also soothe drained and tired looking skin.
Sun screens and sun blocks
A facial sunscreen is an essential all year round beauty aid. Choose one with an SPF of at least 15. Even on dull days the sun’s rays penetrate the atmosphere and the damaging effects upon the skin accumulate gradually resulting in pigmentation and premature ageing. In more extreme circumstances, this can lead to sunburn and permanent scarring.